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Darwinism is a term used to describe how Darwin’s (1809-1882) work influenced biology as well as philosophy as a whole and even economics and politics. His most well-known works include “the origin of species by means of natural selection” in which it revolutionized our understanding of life on earth. Darwin arguments and convincing kinds of evidence proves that living things change over time and that they are related to one another genealogically. Other works include “The descent of man” where Darwin’s main thesis shows that the difference between mankind and animals is not one of kind, but of degree.

With the discovery recently within the field of epigenetics Darwin  work has become increasingly important particularly on the evolution of species and biological diversity. His view upon the importance of biological diversity, the millions of different species that all plays an important part, without the richness even humans will not be able to evolve. The biological diversity is so important that for example humans will not be able to solve problems such as cancers, AIDS, viruses and infections diseases. Drug manufactures cannot make drugs without having a biological sample and synthesize it chemically. For example 25% of all drugs on prescription globally are made from the Amazon rainforest alone. Another example morphine that allows surgery is synthesised from raw opium in 1803. Morphine is ten times stronger than poppy seeds. The medical company Bayer synthesised Heroin in 1898 the bestselling drug brand of all time.

Recommended website: Stanford Encyclopedia Philosophy

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