Technical textile not made on an ecological framework; nevertheless, it’s crucial to highlight high-performance textile particular functionality. It’s a growing demand and development expanding due to industries innovations and needs for improved textiles, clothing performance and durability.
Tencel is a cellulose fibre invented by Courtaulds using a non-chemical solvent. It was originally developed to produce viscous fibres without polluting the environment. The result was a new fibre which was not only environmentally friendly more than any other fibre but also featured very high strength and a wonderful touch.
Textile Dye diagram with links to all related terms in the Eco-Fashion Encyclopedia
Textile Fibre Overview with links
Textile Finishing is the non-colouring process to make the woven or knitted fabric more acceptable to the consumer. Finishing processes include bleaching before dying; treatments, sizing applied after dying affecting touch treatments adding properties to enhance performance, such as shrinking.
Textile Industry. Derived from the Latin texere to weave, and used initially to describe woven fabrics. Textiles have become a general term for fibres, yarns, and other materials that can be made into fabrics as well as for woven or knitted fabrics.
The textile substrate is a term used to describe a substance which upon an enzyme reacts (surface treatments). In other words, compounds that undergo reactions with enzymes. Included are different colourants dyes, natural sizing and thickener materials, such as starches and cellulose derivatives, etc.
Triaxial weaving uses three sets of parallel fibres, known as the warp, the whug and the weft. These fibres are typically at angles of 60 degrees to each other. The whug is not present in conventional, biaxial weaving.