The biosensor is a device or system which incorporates a biologically active material in the material in intimate contact with an appropriate transduction element for detecting the concentration or activity of chemical species in any type of sample. The device usually consists of a biological recognition system, also known as transducer and bioreceptor. In most cases biochip stacks up of and a variety of single biosensors that generally can be monitored individually and used for analyses of multiple analyses. The interaction of the analyses with the bioreceptor is designed to produce an effect registered by the transducer, which converts the information into a measurable effect, such as an electrical signal.
- Essential elements of a biosensor
- Bioreceptor (enzymes, antibody, microorganism, or cells)
- The transducer of the physicochemical signal
- Signal processor to interpret the information that has been converted.
Biosensors are used in many different applications across a wide range of industries, including medicine, food, healthcare, pharmaceuticals and of course military. The manufacturing of biosensors has become very advanced, due to the emergence of related technologies. The size of the devices has gradually been becoming smaller, given rise to submicron detection systems also called nano-biosensors. See also Bioreceptor in the Eco Fashion Dictionary.
ECO-FASHION-DENIM AND DIAGRAMS DICTIONARIES OVERVIEW