Bioinspiration is observing a function performed with precision by a biologic system, and then attempting to create a synthetic system that delivers the same service for technological applications. With inspiration from biology, the specific task achieved by a living system.
For example, inspire scientists to develop a synthetic system that performs the equivalent function, even if the artificial system uses a scheme quite different from that employed by the biological system. Nature provides examples of systems whose exceptional properties and performance replicated for all sorts of applications.
The self-cleaning lotus leaf, the adhesive gecko’s foot, and the fracture-resistant mollusc shell have all fueled interest in smart biological materials. See also Biomimicry and structural colours the Eco-Fashion Encyclopedia.