Anarchism is a term used to describe a social philosophy that advocates voluntary associations among people as a form of self- government, as opposed to central governments dominated by a monarch or other central figure. It signifies the condition of being without rule. Anarchism is though of as opposition to destructiveness and artificiality of state authority. It includes a rejection of hierarchy and domination. It is the desire to construct a social order based on free association. Marx and marxism regard anarchism as labours understanding of exploitation and power by the capitalist on an individual phrase.
Anarchism widely recognised in the counter-cultural movement in the 60s and 70s. It represents today the Anti-globalisation movement ( Alter-globalization) or “new anarchism opposing neoliberal capitalism and statism, characterised by openness, localist and non-hierarchy organisational structures. Noam Chomsky, MIT linguist and political activist is probably the best-known contemporary representative of this strand of anarchist thought. See democracy, socialism, globalisation.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology Edited by George Ritzer and J. Michael Ryan. Published 2011 by Blackwell Publishing