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Amazon River Basin

Amazon basin covers more than 7 million square kilometres in South America, making it the largest in the world. The Amazon basin surrounds portions of Brazil, Colombia, Suriname, Peru Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela, and approximately two-thirds of this area fall within Brazil.

The extensive river system some more than two kilometres wide, and the Amazon itself distributes as much as 175,000 m3 of water per second into the Atlantic. Over 20% of all the freshwater found on Earth is in the Amazon Basin’s rivers, streams, and lakes. With so much water the natural transportation throughout the area is by boat, almost 14,000 miles waterways are navigable.

The incredible immense biodiversity of plant species is highest on Earth. The biodiversity of the rainforest is immense a single pond can sustain a greater variety of fish found in all of Europe’s rivers. Number species of fish in the Amazon exceeds the number found in the entire Atlantic Ocean.

Earth’s greatest biological treasure

Amazon rainforest is Earth’s greatest biological treasure. However, deforestation of rainforest threatens it with destruction, just as we have started to unlock the secrets of the rainforest & appreciate it’s the real value. See also Amazon rainforest and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).

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