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The carbon cycle is all parts (reservoirs) and fluxes of carbon. The cycle is usually thought of as four main reservoirs of carbon interconnected by pathways of exchange. The reservoirs are the atmosphere, terrestrial biosphere (usually includes freshwater systems), oceans, and sediments (includes fossil fuels)
Carrying capacity is defined by ecologists as the population of a given species that can be supported indefinitely in a defined habitat without permanently damaging the ecosystem upon which it is dependent.
Cause-related marketing is the social activity of a for-profit company with a non-profit organization or government agency, creating “more trustworthy” PR for the company’s products or services while raising money or awareness for the non-profit or agency. Read more.
Cogeneration is the simultaneous production of thermal (and electrical) energy from the same fuel source. For example, surplus heat from an electric generating plant can be used for industrial processes or water heating purposes. Another example, waste heat from a manufacturing process can be used to power an electric generator. Read more.
Design for Excellence (DMX)
Design for Excellence is the systematic thoughtfulness of all applicable life cycle factors, such as testability, reliability, manufacturability, maintainability and affordability and includes human rights, labour rights, and internal corporate governance. Read more.
Eco-terrorism term was created in 2002 by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI) refers collectively to a variety of criminal acts undertaken by the name of protecting nature while specifically not intending to harm humans. Read more
Eurostat established 1953 and is the statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. It’s the leading provider of high-quality statistics on Europe and provides the European Union with statistics that enable comparisons between countries and regions. Read more.
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMF international monetary fund is the financial agency used by rich countries to force debtor nations to institute state policy in order to return both principal and interest to the banks that loan money to them. Read more.
The megacity is a term used when the population in a city is more than 10 million people. At the outset of the twentieth century, 10% of the population lived in cities. Later in 2000 around 50% of the world population lives in cities. In 2025, the number of city-dweller could reach 5 billion individuals (two-thirds of thirds of them in poor countries). Read more.
Pooling and Collaboration
Pooling and collaborations are several brands across industries brought together seeking issues they have in common, and find the optimal green solution. For example, what on Earth do brands such as Harley Davidson, Nike, Ikea and Tesla have in common? Read more.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) set up by the UNDP, REDD is a multi-donor trust fund, pooling resources in an effort to create a financial value for the carbon stored in the forest. Read more..
Because of higher oil prices and new technology tar sand has become profitably extracted and upgraded to usable products. Tar sands are unconsolidated porous sands, sandstone rock and shale’s containing bituminous material that can be mined and converted to liquid fuel. Read more.
The Living Principle
Living Principles for design is built around “the collective”; decades of accumulated wisdom, theory and results makes a framework that weaves environmental, social, economic, and cultural sustainability into an actionable, integrated approach that can be consistently communicated to designers, business leaders, educators and the public. Read more.