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Amazon rainforest deforestation – today’s actions create tomorrows  karma

The longer we allow carbon emissions to increase, the more challenging it will be to reduce them to within acceptable limits. Amazon rainforest is of the most significant concerns for humankind, not only to be protected because of its beauty, biological diversity and healing effects but without Amazon rainforest, the chances for human survival next century will become impossible.  Amazon rainforest fact for action is a part of the post: Amazon rainforest – today’s actions create tomorrows karma. 


Landmass

  • If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth-largest in the world.
  • Amazon drainage basin covers 40 per cent of South Americas continent with a landmass of 8 million km2.
  • The Amazon rainforest territory belonging to nine nations, of which the majority (60 per cent) of the forest is contained within Brazil, followed by Peru with 13 per cent, Colombia with 10 per cent, and with smaller amounts in, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana
  • The rainforests once covered 14 per cent of the earth’s land surface, however, today only 6 per cent of Earth ’s surface

Amazon rainforest air

  • Amazon rainforest recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen and produces about 20% per cent of Earth’s total oxygen.
Amazon The Lungs of our planet

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Amazon rainforest indigenous people

  • 10 million Indians were living in Amazonia about five hundred years in the past
  • 100 years ago one million
  • Today less than 200,000 indigenous peoples live in the Amazon rainforest
  • As much as 90  native tribes disappeared since the 1900s
How many Indians lives in The Amazon?


Amazon basin

  • 1/5 of the world’s fresh water is in the Amazon River Basin, streams, and tributaries.
  • 14,000 (22530km) miles of Amazon waterway are navigable, the main river more than 4000 miles (6437km) long
  • The extreme amount of 28 (105 billion litres) billion gallons of water flow into the Atlantic every minute, makes it the most extensive river system in the world.
  • Amazon rainforest receives 9 feet (274cm) of rain every year
Amazon Freshwater


Food originated

  • 80 per cent of the  western world died to originate in the rainforest with its gifts to the world include
  • Fruits: avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, guavas, pineapples, mangos and tomatoes.
  • Vegetables: corn, potatoes, rice, winter squash.
  • Yams: black pepper, cayenne, chocolate, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, turmeric, coffee.
  • Three thousand fruits found in the rainforests, of which; 200 used in the Western World.
The Amazonian kitchen


Deforestation

  • 20 per cent of the Amazon rainforest already consumed
  • The Amazon is vanishing at a rate of 20,000 (51800km2) square miles a year
  • Commercial logging is the most significant cause of rainforest deforestation rainforest burned globally per day more than 200000 (809km2) acres or 150 acres every minute (0. 6km2)
  • At the current rate rainforest, destruction is estimated to happen in less than 40 years
  • Scientists estimate the loss of 137 species per day in the Amazon rainforest because of deforestation
  • Scientists estimate the loss of 50.000 species per annum in the Amazon rainforest because of deforestation
  • Since the 1970s, more than 9,000 (14484km) miles of roads built through the rainforest
  • Today, tropical deforestation alone accounts for a full 20 per cent of global emissions
Amazon deforestation


Amazon rainforest and the pharmaceutical industries

  • Today more than 100 pharmaceutical manufacturers are involved in drug research
  • One hundred twenty-one prescription drugs sold worldwide, from plant-derived sources
  • Twenty-five per cent of all drugs derived from rainforest ingredients
  • Three thousand plants have been identified active in cancer; 70 per cent of these plants are found only in the rainforest
  • One per cent of the tropical plants tested by scientist
The Amazonian Pharmacy


Biodiversity

  • One Square kilometre of the rainforest contains 90,790 tons of living plants
  • The average plant biomass estimated at 356 ± 47 tonnes per hectare
  • Amazon rainforest species studied by scientists on active ingredients and uses > 1 per cent
  • Brazilian rainforest pond variety of fish > Europe’s rivers
  • Amazon diversity of fish > found in the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1/10 known species in the world live in the Amazon rainforest
  • 1/5 bird species in the world live in the Amazon rainforests
  • 25-acre Borneo rainforest landmass contains 700 species of trees = North American tree diversity
  • Species of birds in one Peruvian rainforest reserve > United States (total species of birds)
  • A Peruvian tree harbour 43 different species of ants = total number in the British Isles
  • 38,000 species of plants economical and social interest registered from the rainforest
Biodiversity


Amazon rainforest carbon dioxide facts

  • Amazon is the single most massive carbon sink in the world
  • The Amazon contains about one-tenth of the total carbon stored in land ecosystems
  • Amazon accounts for nearly half of the carbon dioxide emissions resulting from tropical deforestation
  • Tropical rainforest absorbs approximately 4.8 billion tons of carbon annually
  • Amazon consumed approximately 1.7 billion tons of carbon dioxide per year
  • Tropical deforestation releases about 1.5 billion metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere every year
  • Amazon rainforest collapse, 26 billion tons of carbon released into the atmosphere = World’s total production of carbon  2.5.  years
  • Amazon rainforest drought released 5 billion extra tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the overall impact more than Europe’s + Japan ’s annual carbon dioxide footprint
Amazon carbon dioxide facts

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