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A8000 is a voluntary, worldwide standard for companies for certifying and auditing labour practices in their services. SA8000 is social accountability developed and monitored by independent third-party commercial firms. Based on the principles of international human rights conventions and measures company functioning in different areas; collective bargaining, discrimination, disciplinary practices, child labour, forced labour, health and safety, remuneration, working hours and compensation. Those areas are critical to monitor and compare practices across countries and industries and are the SA8000 standard.
Product-service-system is a shift from selling material products, to offering non-material services. It can reduce the overall footprint per unit of service or profit and make a more effective, better service and maintenance of products. Examples include a shift from ownership to the usage of a product, such as self-service, pay-as-you-go, car-leasing service (Streetcar and Zipcar’s)
1992 at the Rio Summit over 159 countries signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); it layout an overall framework for an intergovernmental crusade to tackle actions posed by climate change. Its supreme objective is the ‘stabilisation of the climate system, greenhouse-gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level preventing dangerous anthropogenic interference. The Convention has more than 190 members worldwide.
Technical textile not based upon an ecological framework. Nevertheless, it’s essential to highlight high-performance textile based on a particular functionality. It’s a growing demand and development expanding due to industries innovations and needs for improved textiles, clothing performance and durability. Sectors such as clothing (sports), construction, healthcare, agriculture, transportation, packaging, environmental protection, protective-wear are just a few. More about Technical textile
Technical textiles in different categories:
- Argo technical textiles: performance domain’s agriculture, landscaping, etc.
- Building technical textiles: performance domain’s building construction
- Clothing technical textiles: performance domain’s clothing and footwear
- Geotechnicaltextiles: performance domain’s engineering industries, bridges, tunnels etc.
- Industrial technical textiles: performance domain’s mechanical engineering,
- Medical, technical textiles: performance domain’s medical markets.
- Transport technical textiles: performance domain’s passengers and goods transportation, civil, military equipment etc.
- Home technical textiles: Performance textile manufacturing of furniture and carpets
- Environmental technical textiles: performance domain’s protection, recycling, waste etc.
- Packing, technical textiles: performance domain’s storage and moving protection and durability etc. Protective technical textiles: performance domain’s property, privacy protection etc.
- Sports technical textiles: performance domain’s textile leisure and sport (see also clothing technical textiles for high-performance clothing, footwear etc.
El Niño, a current warm-water that periodically flows along the coast of Peru and Ecuador. This event creates from time to time a tremendous impact on the temperature, wind, sea surface and precipitation patterns in the tropical Pacific. It involves the Pacific region and the climate in many other parts of the world (everything is connected).
Suzanne Lee is a fashion designer, author and one of the main people behind a research project named BioCouture. BioCouture is a project outcome of her book Fashioning the Future: Tomorrow’s Wardrobe. It examines the work of those scientific researchers and fashion designers. Such as Walter Van Beirendonck, Issey Miyake and Hussein Chalanyan, who are transforming s researches work into tomorrow’s clothing. The project BioCouture aims to grow to clothe from the vat of liquid; from a systematic era named biotechnology. The idea to copy nature through a process called biomimicry, Suzanne Lee works as a Senior Research Fellow at Central Saint Martins, University of the Arts London. She collaborates with scientists into possibilities of growing future consumer through synthetic biology.
BioCouture by the fashion designer and author Suzanne Lee (Eco-Fashion Encyclopedia) The project BioCouture main idea grounded in biomimicry and biotechnology with the mission to grow clothes from aims vat of liquid. The costumes created by copying nature or biomimicry (mimicking biology and harnessing animal bioactive materials). Another technology is “tissue engineering. From the web site, BioCouture; “BioCouture is a pioneering design consultancy focused on bringing the living and bio-based materials to fashion, sportswear and luxury brands. We’re passionate about creating a bio-designed future where we grow materials from minimal renewable (or waste) resources. Read more about BioCouture
Meta-design is the design to the design itself; it can be as a higher order of design; that transcends design disciplines through contingent workforce and open-ended process. It is inherently collaborative, inviting stakeholders and users into the process. The way of working can be useful in sustainable fashion design perspectives on complex problem-solving situations; for example, the result of a meta-design operation solving and lower aircraft use of fossil fuel. Website metadesigners.org
Meta design ten principles
- Eco-mimetic We need to learn from Nature’s big systems
- Comprehensive Most designers are specialists representing the existing paradigm
- Re-language Because paradigms exist partly in the mind
- Synergy-weaving Combining existing resources can deliver the greater abundance
- Co-creative No individual is smart enough to see the big picture
- Entrepreneurial Top-down and bottom-up initiatives must work in synergy
- Flat-structured Fixed hierarchies tend to shield us from our responsibilities
- Fractal-oriented Because we all need to find our way in the system
- Radically optimistic Because negative thoughts make miracles less possible
Environmental sustainability is about manufacture products or developing services that function in a useful market and social dimensions with a lower negative environmental impact than currently available options. Furthermore, equivalent function as the replaced product and at a competitive manufacture cost and market price, made from renewable resources, always renew without reduction of performance or service and minimum environmental impact, safe substances products for human, animals and nature. Ideally, it should be in balance with the surrounding ecosystem and trough a measurable life cycle.
Friends of the Earth (FoE) is a non-governmental organisation that focuses on the relationships between human rights, social justice, and environmental issues. The organisation founded in 196. The first members France, Sweden, England, and the United States. The vision for FoE is “of a peaceful and sustainable world based on societies living in harmony with nature. Today, there are over 68 national and local Friends of the Earth groups, that work toward implementing the FoE vision; with a total member mass of 1.5 million in 70 countries
Sources and Useful Information
- SA8000 SA8000
- United nations framework convention on climate change
- Technical textiles
- Suzanne Lee BioCouture
- Friends of the earth