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“The more diversity the better” Arne Næss



Arne Næss, an original environmentalist of modern times


Arne Næss was a part of forming the environmental groups in the 1970s, the most politically active decade of last century. It is the fourth post in series searching for the original environmentalists from the beginning of time and up to the 1970s. Modern environmentalism started for real. Many names come to mind regarded as “great”, however depending on the criteria to determine “greatest” not only high would rely on a subjective view upon what is the most crucial action performed in short or long term perspective.


The action man

If the criteria based on religion, culture and philosophical level to make people understand why and how to take care of Earth, fields of academic or scientific research, ordinary people were doing non-ordinary actions. Dare to challenge the unknown or care about consequences going against large corporations, powerful authorities without fear or risk of spending time in prison for their civil obedience? I talk about direct actions in the field of injustice and help people that are offered for hazardous chemicals making them sick and die, such as stopping chemicals from being dumped or nuclear testing then Greenpeace and Earth Day comes to mind as necessary.


1970s environmental events


  • Earth day (global Earth Day April 22) not forgotten they started the grassroots movement and first Earth Day 1970. The environmental movement attains strong influence, spreading concern about global degradation. Aerosols from human activity were increasing in the atmosphere. Earth Day did waking up the sleepy masses in the suburbs of America to get involved actively with significant events dragging masses of people.
  • Greenpeace (International site org) on the other hand, is an environmental organisation that uses creative confrontation, usually in the form of media spectacles, to draw attention to specific environmental problems. With their first boat Sea Shepard stopping US nuclear testing already in 1970.
  • One scientist not to forget James Lovelock came in 1979 with a remarkable book Gaia (Greek mythology English means: mother (Earth): A New Look at Life on Earth. He hypothesised the Earth itself was a live organism. See more about the Gaia hypothesis and his final experiment proving his theories Daisyworld in the new Eco-Fashion Encyclopedia. His book was based upon work when Nasa (National Aeronautics and Space Administration asked Lovelock to find out scientifically what makes life on a planet possible and instruments used to find evidence for survival as they planned to send a spacecraft Mars.
  • Economics and alternative technology, E.F. Schumacher, Small is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered (Harper and Row, 1975). An impressing book based on principles found in Buddhism, when Schumacher worked in Burma. Which advocated meaningful work, local agriculture, human-scale manufacturing, and renewable energy as solutions not only to work in a modernised world, however, could be used without long studies and high tech skilled workers.
  • PhD and founder of the deep ecology movement, Arne Næss
  • Nevertheless, my choice is not known by the masses of people. However, his work is already essential and become mandatory for teaching in schools and universities about environmentalism, sustainability and Eco-living. A. Næss fundamental thinking will become a necessary foundation because of its making ecology deep. Deep because asking questions such as “why and how”. Ecosophy based upon a long tradition of Earth native people and eastern religion. One cannot in any fields of science or heroic action be without a fundamental philosophic view that includes worship, culture and science. Therefore, the greatest environmentalist in modern time cannot escape Norwegian philosopher and founder of the deep ecology movement PhD Arne Næss


PhD. and founder of deep ecology movement A. Næss the greatest modern environmentalist

In the 1970s, a large part of the traditional society looked upon the environmentalists as criminal and lazy radicals. The 1970s was maybe the most politically active decade in modern times, and we shall be happy that rebels started a dirty job. If not it would have been too late. Who knows? What was the 70’s original fashion style Finding the Eco-warriors codex of favourite clothes such as, the anorak, shoes, pants, t-shirts, facial hair, music and art? But first, dive into the scenes behind the main story and find the ancient environmentalists, Hindus, Buddhists, peace lovers and philosopher’s trough ancient and modern times.


Deep Ecology and Buddhism

Part four of Original Environmentalists from the 70’s Original Environmentalist is an about an entirely unknown hero for most people, Arne Næss the Norwegian philosopher, climber, boxer, environmentalist and warm-hearted man who at the beginning of the 70s started talking about Deep Ecology. Deep Ecology based upon a deep respect for all living beings, non-violence and self-realisation within a personal contact with nature. Deep ecology based upon the view of Gandhi but most of all, Mahayana Buddhism, who Buddha shared his wisdom about 2500 year ago.


  • First of all, Not to kill, not to destroy Buddha (the most excellent environmentalist series) gave his lectures on the most central question; not to kill any living including the grass, trees, the sea and the mountains
  • One should not take out of nature more than what you need, he said. The balance he refers to is Buddhism named the middle way.
  • We have no right to claim ownership to land. It is the same thing all tribal people on our planet have lived after. Not as the objective today: taking out more than needed and keep as much as possible. Secondly, nobody has the right to own the land. Arne Næss is a staunch defender of these views, and Arne Næss who came from a wealthy family said the first thing he learned was to live on as little as possible.
  • Technology alone will not save the planet
  • The diversity in nature is one of the most critical issues. As both modern Buddhism with Dalai Lama who warns people to follow only technology Arne Næss blindly says the same thing. During Gandhi (the most excellent environmentalist series)visit to England when Gandhi saw the development of the industrialisation, he said that if the industrial revolution came to India, it would also kill India. Gandhi saw how sudden wealth was of no good to people or to the environment in London where dirty water in the channels became a massive problem event then. Gandhi will prove right as India today become the next China

Deep Ecology introduced by Næss 1973

In 1973, Norwegian philosopher and mountaineer Arne Næss introduced the phrase “deep ecology” to environmental literature. Environmentalism had emerged as a widespread grassroots political movement in the 1960s with the radical involvement from the beginning of the 70s with Global Earth Day, Green peace and other organisations An ecological movement starts from within and, Arne Næss was a visionary who included people not excluded. We want to flourish and realise ourselves in harmony with other beings and cultures. Is it possible to develop shared understandings that enable us to work with civility toward peace with other creatures and people? The Deep Ecology Platform principles are a step in this direction. Arne Næss said everybody has equal right to live in nature. He also lived in life as an element and did not try to fight the resistance in the environment but follow the flow naturally. Arne Næss was claiming that humans had no better reason or right to be a part of nature than any other animal. Næss had a cabin in the mountain where he spent a lot of his time to wonder and ask questions. One must be curious and playful, he said. Most people today will say that his cabin was very primitive. Arne Næss first expedition on climbing fist accent Tirch Mir 7709 m. Pakistan already 1950, his second 1964, the mission that few others do today.


Arne Næss lead accent Tirch Mir 7709 m Pakistan already 1950

Because capitalism values are based on raw and uncompromised rules to keep at any-time the lowest cost possible and highest alternative ROI for shareholders mostly short time perspective makes corporation spend large amounts for R&D (research and development) around the globe. This technological progress gives. Therefore, advantage companies use to keep effective production and making more products and services. Is it the right thing to invent new technologies just so a few get insanely rich – if they don’t intend to give it away becomes addicted to money and becomes sick of greed? Greed is far more immoral than being addicted to any drug, because drug addicts seldom kill people, while desire takes a life every second on the planet.


250.000 Indian agricultural workers commit suicide yearly

For example, 250.000 Indians commit suicide yearly because of pesticides used to produce cotton and agricultural products more effectively. The company owners placed elsewhere while electronic media create false or unnecessary consumption because a paid flow of information that aims to make us believe we need to buy so we get accepted and admired in our local communities. Very much information or information overload messages intend to make humans feel fear and insecure.

Fear creates a constant hunger to get stuff to become accepted. This endless hunger for acceptance does not stop unless we manage to free us from it. Take a digital time-out free from the constant flow of meaningless information. This so-called progress happens because we measure our happiness in money. It will never have an ending. It is not for granted that humans will survive the next 100 years unless we turn and review the values as our society based upon today. Humans tend to believe that nature is here to serve humans, no it’s the opposite we are here to help the quality, Næss said. The kind can wipe us all out in one single stroke and as the ego has driven the modern society are today, it will happen! Graphis below: Population growth graphics see: “Re-thinking sustainability for the twenty-first century, spirituality” and the slideshow Re-thinking sustainability for the twenty-first century, the spirituality slides


LSD gave Arne deepness and inspiration while working at Berkley University California

Arne Næss did experiment with LSD in the 60s as he was a professor in California and said that LSD had been a source of influence to his later work. Arne Næss tells us to realise our true self and to bring back contact with nature. As a real Norwegian Arne Næss was born in the environment, living in life and I think he rather slept outside instead of inside. Arne’s hut was far up in the mountains with little comfort at all. He was in close contact with nature. He was also the kind of person that was playful, curious and did a lot of crazy stuff to feel that he was a part of nature. When Arne Næss was a teacher in the 60’s he became interested in the hippie culture and did experience with LSD as he said was a significant reason for his future work. So indeed, he was open to exploring a new world. Do not take everything so serious, be playful I believe to think this was also a reaction and a critic to people growing up becoming grey people. Ecology’s core principle is the belief that, like humanity, the living environment has the same right to live and flourish.



Deepness of ecology asks why and how

Deep Ecology is profound because it’s whole and connected. Deep ecology describes itself as “deep” because it persists in asking more in-depth questions about “why” and “how” and thus concerned with the fundamental philosophical questions about the impacts of human life as one part of the ecosphere. It is not a narrow view of ecology. Such as, a branch of biological science aims to avoid merely anthropocentric environmentalism.


Environmental Karma

This is precise as Buddha said upon the question that everything was a result of cause and effect, nothing stands hardly alone in the universe. The name is Karma. Arne Næss loved boxing because it was playful and real One cannot talk about to keep the environment based just upon humans, that is to exclude humans as a part of the wheel. Humans also have an equal right to live of nature as well. Deep ecology seeks a more holistic view of the world humans live in and tries to apply to live the understanding that separate parts of the ecosystem (including humans) function as a whole’s and loses the child within who is so essential to develop curios and positive natural state.

Nature can no longer be viewed only as a commodity; seen as a partner and model in all human enterprise. Deep ecology and followers talk about four problems that rooted in the following circumstances, and I agree and share view


Four problems

  • Modern society suffers under the loss of traditional knowledge, values and ethics behaviour who do not even know what we eat as animals repacked, draped in boxes so you have no feelings that you eat animals. There is a culture of owning the place you live and the land. All native people from Aboriginals to the North American Indians have always stated ground cannot be owned
  • We think that nature is here to serve us and not the other way around, so instead of having an organically approach to environment and follow the stream, we try to tame nature. We think us superior to life and the strongest. But in fact, the character is very fine-tuned, and there is not much before we get in unbalanced and loses control.
  • I think we, unfortunately, have come to a point where it will be unrealistic and even impossible to reverse the negative impact on nature the western world we believe too much in technology and base too much of the solution in technology.
  • Seek a balanced life. Pay more time to spirituality. The overpopulated world, western and the underdeveloped are suffering. We place an enormous burden upon nature that are killing the diversity of landscape. People living in modern western society uses almost four times as much energy. Below Graphics; The most prosperous nations consume 17 times as much petroleum per. The person as people in underdeveloped countries. Therefore, Næss ideas talks of a “return to nature” is increasingly stable today as when presented 50 years ago.


Sources and Useful Information

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