Biomarker is a term used to describe a biochemical substances whose presence and structure serves as a signature of life, for example a measureable DNA/RNA or protein is such an indicator (diagnostic and prognostic) of normal biological process. Read more..
Chromosomes is a term used on a package of several distinct strands of DNA often found in the genome. Each of these chromatin packages is called a chromosome.
Dopamine is a catecholamine neurotransmitter that has an important role in cognitive function, voluntary movement, reward, motivation, and prolactin production. Read more.
The epigenome is the overall epigenetic state of a particular cell. In the developing embryo, each cell type has a different epigenome. Epigenome maps represent the presence of DNA methylation, histone modification, and other chromatin modifications along the chromosomes. Read more.
Gene is a term used to describe in the simplest cases, a segment of DNA that specifies the structure of a protein or an RNA molecule. Each gene contains instructions on producing or controlling a specific protein. Read more..