Surface design is a very important factor in fashion design now and even more in the future due to environmental issues, consumer demands and new technology such as nanotechnology makes it possible to manipulate fabric properties at the textile surface. Surface design can be defined as all design that encompasses colouring, patterning, and structuring of fibre and fabric. Surface design, therefore, involves several techniques such as dying, embellishing, quilting, weaving, knitting, felting, papermaking, painting, printing, and stitching. Furthermore, surface design involves a high level of scientific knowledge about these techniques and material properties within textile engineering, fashion design, architecture, interior design, material science, Nanotechnology, and Biotechnology.
Nanotechnology and surface design
Particularly does nanotechnology become more important as they cannot only improve known properties such as colour fastness, strength, durability, flexibility, breath-ability, etc. but also add brand new unknown material properties.
The surface design example of the Lotus Flower One example of adapted nanotechnology with improved functional properties in textiles is the super-hydrophobicity or lotus effect (seen in plants like lotus, taro, and nasturtium). The lotus leaves have a very smooth surface structure and are coated with hydrophobic wax crystals of approximately one nanometre in diameter. There is hardly any contact area (only 2-3 %) between the water droplet and lotus leaf. Therefore, the water slide rather than roll on the surface and does not pick up as much dirt, which gives a self-cleaning effect. 100% design London is one of the leading fairs for surface design and attracts yearly prominent and influential interior design professionals across the world. 100% highlight contemporary interior and material innovation for press and consumers.
Sources and recommended reading: Surface modification of textiles Edited by Q. Wei. Published 2009 by Woodhead Publishing Limited
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