In the beginning of 1960’s National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) asked the scientist James Lovelock to participate in a scientific research project aimed at trying to find evidence of life on Mars. While working with the project setting up design instruments capable of detecting the presence of life that could be sent on a spacecraft to Mars his hypothesis was that the Earth itself was a live organism. The ideas evolving during the years of science culminated in 1979 with the publication of the book Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. In Greek Mythology, Gaia is the goddess of the Earth.
Lovelock theory ended with a thesis that Earth is a physical and chemical condition that is self-regulating; oceans and atmosphere regulate by life itself. Gaia evolves according to Darwinian laws of self-selection, a fine-tuned, interrelated to create conditions conducive to the life of the planet. Even if human life on Gaia is extinguished, the planet will self-regulate to maintain its own life, and possibly other forms of life within it. His view is the same as in early Buddhism whereof all life, including trees, plants; Mountain is a cherishing of diversity. This diversity is taken further into modern environmental philosophy as Arne Næss deep ecology is based upon. If the planet’s natural homeostasis (equilibrium) is maintained, the planet will continue to survive as a whole. The most important balance and vital to all life is the relationship within the oxygen-carbon cycle. If any disruption of these areas may sustain perturbations so drastic that the planet will not survive. See also Earth System Science, Deep Ecology, and Daisyworld.
ECO-FASHION-DENIM AND DIAGRAMS DICTIONARIES OVERVIEW