Part two – Amazon rainforest deforestation – today’s actions create tomorrows karma
The longer we allow carbon emissions to increase the more challenging it will be to reduce them to within acceptable limits. Amazon rainforest is of the greatest concerns for humankind, not only to be protected because of its beauty, biological diversity and healing effects but without Amazon rainforest, the chances for human survival next century will become impossible. Amazon rainforest fact for action is a part of the post See full slideshow research Amazon rainforest deforestation – today’s actions create tomorrows karma.
- If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world.
- Amazon drainage basin covers 40% of South Americas continent with a landmass of 8 million km2.
- The Amazon rainforest territory belonging to nine nations, whereof the majority (60%) of the forest is contained within Brazil, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with smaller amounts in, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
- The rainforests once covered 14% of the earth’s land surface, however, today only 6% of Earth’s surface.
- Amazon rainforest recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen and produces about 20% of earth’s total oxygen.
Amazon rainforest indigenous people
- 10 million Indians were living in Amazonia about five hundred years in the past
- 100 years ago one million
- Today less than 200,000 indigenous peoples lives in the Amazon rainforest.
- As much as 90 native tribes or more have been destroyed since the 1900s.
- 1/5 of the world’s freshwater is in Amazon Basin’s rivers, streams, and tributaries.
- 14,000 (22530km) miles of Amazon waterway are navigable, the main river more than 4000 miles (6437km) long
- The extreme amount of 28 (105 billion litres) billion gallons of water flow into the Atlantic every minute, makes it the largest river system in the world.
- Amazon rainforest receives 9 feet (274cm) of rain every year
- 80% western world died to originate in the rain forest with its gifts to the world include
- Fruits: avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, guavas, pineapples, mangos and tomatoes.
- Vegetables: corn, potatoes, rice, winter squash.
- Yams: black pepper, cayenne, chocolate, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, turmeric, coffee.
- 3000 fruits are found in the rainforests, whereof; 200 are used in the western World.
- 20% of the Amazon rainforest is already consumed.
- The Amazon vanishing at a rate of 20,000 (51800km2) square miles a year.
- Commercial logging is the largest cause to rain forest deforestation rainforest burned globally per day more than 200000 (809km2) acres or 150 acres every minute (0. 6km2)
- At the current rate rainforest, destruction is estimated to happen in less than 40 years.
- Scientists estimate the loss of 137 species per day in the Amazon rainforest because of deforestation.
- Scientists estimate the loss of 50.000 species per annum in the Amazon rainforest because of deforestation.
- Since the 1970s, more than 9,000 (14484km) miles of roads have been built through the rainforest.
- Today, tropical deforestation alone accounts for a full 20 % of global greenhouse-gas emissions.
Amazon rainforest and the pharmaceutical industries
- Today more than 100 pharmaceutical manufacturers are involved in drug research.
- 121 prescription drugs sold worldwide, from plant-derived sources.
- 25% of all drugs derived from rainforest ingredients.
- 3,000 plants have been identified active in cancer; 70 percent of these plants are found only in the rainforest.
- Only 1% of tropical plants tested by the scientist.
- One Square kilometre of the rainforest contains 90,790 tons of living plants.
- The average plant biomass is estimated at 356 ± 47 tonnes per hectare.
- Amazon rainforest species studied by scientists on active ingredients and uses > 1%
- Brazilian rainforest pond variety of fish > Europe’s rivers
- Amazon diversity of fish > found in the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1/10 known species in the world lives in the Amazon rainforest.
- 1/5 bird species in the world live in the Amazon rainforests.
- 25-acre Borneo rainforest landmass contain 700 species of trees = North American tree diversity.
- Species of birds in one Peruvian rainforest reserve > United States (total species of birds)
- A Peruvian tree harbour 43 different species of ants = total number in the British Isles
- 38,000 species of plants economic and social interest is registered from the rainforest
Amazon carbon dioxide facts
- Amazon is the single largest carbon sink in the world.
- The Amazon contains about one-tenth of the total carbon stored in land ecosystems.
- Amazon accounts for nearly half of the carbon dioxide emissions resulting from tropical deforestation
- Tropical rainforest absorbs approximately 4.8 billion tons of carbon annually.
- Amazon absorbed approximately 1.7 billion tons of carbon dioxide per year.
- Tropical deforestation releases about 1.5 billion metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere every year
- Amazon rainforest collapse, 26 billion tons carbon would be released into the atmosphere = World’s total production of carbon 2.5. years
- Amazon rainforest drought released 5 billion extra tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the total impact more than Europe’s + Japan’s annual carbon dioxide footprint.
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