Eco Fashion dictionary updated with new terms
Appropriate technology is local industries as an alternative to expensive and inappropriate imported technologies. Appropriate technology is an ideological movement (and its manifestations) originally articulated as “intermediate technology” by the economist Dr. Ernst Friedrich “Fritz” Schumacher in his influential work, Small is Beautiful. Though the nuances of vary between fields and applications, it is generally recognized as encompassing technological choice and application that are small-scale, decentralized, labor-intensive, energy-efficient, environmentally sound, and locally controlled. Both Schumacher and many modern-day proponents of appropriate technology also emphasize the technology as people-centered.
Better Cotton Initiative (BCI)
Better Cotton Initiative exists in order to respond to the current impacts of cotton production worldwide. BCI aims to promote measurable improvements in the key environmental and social impacts of cotton cultivation global to make it more economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable.
Clean Clothes Ccampaign
Clean Clothes Campaign has built a partner network of more than 200 organizations and unions in garment-producing countries to identify local problems and objectives, and to help develop campaign strategies to support workers in achieving their goals.
Care Labels: “Pictograms which represents a method of washing, for example, drying, dry cleaning and ironing clothing. Such symbols written on labels, known as care labels, attached to clothing to indicate how a particular item should best be cleaned.”
Crowdsourcing is taking tasks traditionally performed by an employee or contractor, and outsourcing them to a group of people or community, through an “open call” to a large group of people asking for contributions. The practice of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content by soliciting contributions is especially from an online community, and not from traditional employees or suppliers.
Environmental Product Declarations (EPD)
EPDs defined by ISO Standard 14025 as being “quantified environmental data for a product with pre-set categories of parameters based on the ISO 14040 series of standards, but not excluding additional environmental information.
Fashion Futures 2025
Fashion Futures 2025 is a project run by Forum for the Future wherein they created four scenarios to explore how climate change, resource shortages, population growth and other factors will shape the world of 2025 and the future of the fashion industry within it. These scenarios designed as a tool to challenge companies’ strategies, inspire them with new opportunities and help them plan for the future.
The German Blue Angel
The German Blue Angel is the world’s first environmental label, and the Nordic Swan has criteria set for textiles. It goes beyond the EU EcoLabel in as well including social and ethical criteria. Further labels for textiles include the Oko-Tex 100 labels, focused on chemical safety and toxicity, and GOTS, which is an international label for organic cotton.
Green Claims (in contrast to opposed to green washing): “Green claims and labels can help consumers to make informed buying choices – by giving information about the environmental impact and qualities of products or services, either on a product or in marketing/advertising materials. By providing credible information, businesses cannot only enhance their credentials and demonstrate that they are acting responsibly to their consumers, business partners and regulators – but can also steer the market towards products with a reduced environmental impact; cultivation worldwide to make it more economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable.
Industry Consortia Efforts
The Sustainability Consortium: “The Sustainability Consortium brings together retailers, manufacturers, suppliers, governments,NGOs, researchers and consumers to work collaboratively with each other, developing an approach that drives better understanding, standardization, and informed decision-making
Intellectual property such as copyright, trademarks and patents, having no tangible form but representing the product of creative work or invention and refers to creations of the mind for which exclusive rights recognized. Under intellectual property law, owners granted certain unique rights to a variety of intangible assets, such as musical, literary, and artistic works; discoveries and inventions; including words, phrases, symbols, and designs. Common types of intellectual property rights include copyright, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights, trade dress, and in some jurisdictions trade secrets.
People-centered design also known as human-centered design, user-centered design, and empathetic design, this is a process in which the needs, wants, and limitations of end users of a product are given extensive attention at each stage of the design process. This approach uses empathetic research techniques such as observing and interviewing a diverse range of people at home or work to identify what they actually do, in contrast to what they say they do. People-centered design has a strong foundation in research and storytelling, offers a way to create personalized and customized interactions in a cost-effective and iterative way. Furthermore, is a rapid and repeating interaction design methodology focused on understanding and engaging individuals in ways that are useful, usable, and desirable. Essence of this approach, from my perspective, is as follows:
- Understand your mission, your vision, and your stakeholders
- Conduct some research, preferably in context
- Interpret your research findings through models and narrative
- Explore design options through low fidelity approaches
- Get the big questions answered before you introduce the details
- Place your list items here
Fair Trade: “An organized social movement and market-based approach that aim to help producers in developing countries to make better trading conditions and promote sustainability. The movement advocates payment of a taller price to exporters as well as taller public and environmental standards. It focuses, in particular, on exports from developing countries to under-developed countries.
Sustainable Apparel Coalition
The Sustainable Apparel Coalition is an industry-wide group of leading apparel and footwear brands, retailers, manufacturers, non-governmental organizations, academic experts and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency working to reduce the environmental and social impacts of apparel and footwear products around the world
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