New terminologies added to the Eco fashion dictionaryECO FASHION DICTIONARY A-Z INDEX
Agenda 21 is a non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development. One of the main documents created during the Eco 92 climate conference in Rio de Janeiro. Based on this document signed by 170 countries, a global action plan for environmental and social sustainability created, ultimately resulting in many local agendas all over the world. Many eco fashion initiatives have also been inspired by Agenda 21 refers to as 21st centuries.
Centre for Sustainable Fashion
The Centre for Sustainable Fashion is a trailblazer, helping to better understanding of why the pursuit sustainability must be on par with the pursuit of design innovation and business building. The Centre for Sustainable Fashion at London College of Fashion connects education, research and business to inspire, support, inspire and create innovative approaches to fashion.
Clean air act
The Clean-Air Act governs protection of the US air resources and impact textile dyeing operations in two main ways. First, the release of metals, organics, and particulates can be regulated. This ‘Air Toxics’ comprise a list of 189 Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs). In addition, general Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) regulated. Legislation, referred to as the Textile MACT specifies Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT) under the umbrella of Fabric Printing, Coating, and Dyeing of Fabrics.
Cradle to Cradle design also referred to as Cradle to Cradle, C2C, cradle two cradles, it is a holistic industrial, economic, and social framework that seeks to create systems that are not only efficient but also essentially waste free. The phrase “cradle to cradle” itself coined by Walter R. Stahel in the 1970s.
Eco Labels allow consumers to make comparisons between products and give consumers the ability to reduce the environmental impacts of their daily activities by purchasing environmentally preferable and healthy products and minimizing their consequences during use and disposal. Depending on the label, the criteria aim more at environmental aspects or harmful substances. Eco labeling schemes are voluntary and mostly set up by private organizations. However, the EU eco-label scheme regulated by law. The Öko-Tex standard 100 is the world’s leading eco-label for textiles. Products carrying this label have been tested and certified by internationally renowned textile institutes. Since 1992, the Öko-Tex standard 100 has grown into an international standard on safety of textiles, applied in the entire textile production chain. More than 6000 companies world-wide active in textiles and clothing involved in the Öko-Tex certification network. With over 50 000 certificates granted to millions of textile products, Öko-Tex standard 100 has become the world’s leading eco label for textiles, other textile labels worth mentioning to include Toxproof, Nordic Swan and Blue Angel.
Ezio Manzini is possibly the world’s leading expert on sustainable design, with a focus on scenario building toward solution’s all-embracing social and environmental quality. He is professor of Industrial Design at Milan Polytechnic, where he is Director of CIRIS (the Interdepartmental Centre for Research on Innovation for Sustainability), where he focuses on innovative processes in the system of production and consumption and, in particular, on the relationship between environmental policies and product strategy’s policies in the view to sustainable development. He has published various design books. His recent book, Sustainable Everyday envisions what life might be like in a sustainable society, putting forth possible scenarios and workable alternatives.
Herbicides are chemical pesticides that used to manage vegetation. Usually, herbicides used to reduce abundance of weedy plants, to release desired crop plants from competition. This is the context of most herbicide use in agriculture, forestry, and for lawn management. Sometimes herbicides are not used to protect crops, but to reduce the quantity or height of vegetation, for example, along highways and transmission corridors. The reliance on herbicides to achieve these ends has increased greatly in recent decades, and the practice of chemical weed control appears to have become an entrenched component of the modern technological culture of humans.
Stuart Walker is Professor of Sustainable Design and Co-Director of the Imagination Lancaster design research lab at Lancaster University. His research focuses on design for sustainability; product aesthetics and substance; practice-based design diagnoses and product design that verbalize human values and impression of spirituality. He has written several books and dozens of journal papers on these themes, including: Sustainable by Design: Explorations in Theory and Practice, and The Spirit of Design: Objects, Environment and Meaning. He is currently developing and co-editing a large, multi-authored Handbook for Sustainable Design for Berg, Oxford.
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is an international conservation organization founded in 1961, and known internationally as the worldwide fund for Nature. The World Wildlife Fund acts with other U.S. organizations within a network to conserve the natural environment and ecological processes essential to life. Particular attention paid to endangered species and to natural habitats important for human welfare. In hundreds of projects conducted or supported around the world, WWF helps protect endangered wildlife and habitats and help protect the earth’s bio diversity through fieldwork, scientific research, institutional development, wildlife trade monitoring, public policy initiatives, technical assistance and training, environmental education, and communications.
International Year of Natural Fibers 2009
International Year of Natural Fibers 2009 Declared by the United Nations, the IYNF expected to raise awareness and cause supply for natural fibers. Objectives are encouragement of appropriate policy responses from governments to the problems faced by natural fiber industries nurture an efficient and long-lasting international collaboration among the different natural fiber industries and marketing the sustainability of natural fiber commercial enterprise. United Nations idea of an International Year devoted to natural fibres arose in December 2004 from a meeting of FAO’s Intergovernmental Groups on Jute, Kenaf, hard Fibres and Allied Fibres.
Fashioning the Future Awards is the leading international cross-disciplinary platform for celebrating innovative initiatives towards fashion design development of sustainability within fashion and Eco design communication and development. By engaging participation of graduates and students from all over the world from different disciplines relating to development, communication of sustainable and Eco fashion design; coordinated by Centre for Sustainable Fashion at London College.
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