New terminologies added to the Eco fashion dictionaryECO FASHION DICTIONARY INDEX
Banana fibers obtained from the stem of banana plant (Musa sapientum) characterized for their diameter variability and their mechanical properties, with a stress on fracture morphology. Banana fibre for textile productions is used as an eco-friendly alternative for the production of dyed, printed and finished textiles for home furnishing and apparel. Natural fibers present important advantages such as low density, appropriate stiffness and mechanical properties and high disposability and renew ability. Moreover, they are recyclable and biodegradable.
A carbon offset is a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases made to compensate for or to offset an emission made elsewhere. Carbon offsets measured in metric tons of carbon dioxide-equivalent. It is six primary categories; carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride. Read more about Carbon offset.
Clothing swapping is a way of reduce what is ending as landfill, it promoted reuse, and recycling of clothing. However, most of all makes it easier for people to accept secondhand clothing as a good alternative to new clothing. When reusing clothing that’s already been made and recycling clothing from one owner to another, source reduction can be achieved. This moves away from usage of new raw materials to make more clothing available for consumption. For the consumer clothing swapping ultimately saves time, money and the chaos of sometime scan the stores. Furthermore, it eliminates transportation and emissions, promotes the use of sustainable on-line shopping and the Internet as well as an increase of social bonds through on-line communication or effective personal communication in “clothing swap parties.” Examples of swapping clothing on the Internet are: Rehash, Swapstyle and Dig N’ Swap.
“Consignment shop” is an American term for second-hand stores. However, for special second-hand shops that sell used goods for owners (consignors), typically at a lower cost than new. Not all second-hand stores are consignment shops. In consignment shops, it is usually understood that the consignee (the seller) pays the consignor (the person who owns the item) a portion of the proceeds from the sale. Payment is not made until and unless the item sells. The consignor retains the title to the item and can end the arrangement at any time by requesting its return. A specified time is commonly arranged after which, if the item does not sell, the owner can reclaim it (or if not reclaimed within a period, the seller can. Consignment shops differ from charity or thrift shops, where the original owners surrender physical possession and legal title to the item as a charitable donation, and the seller retains all proceeds from the sale.
Spandex (Elastane) is a synthetic fiber. The fibers exceptional elastic, strong and still durable, the fiber is a polyurethane-polyurea copolymer invented by DuPont chemists in 1959. When it was introduced into the market Introduced, it revolutionized many areas within the clothing industry; sportswear, bicycling, jeans and many other types of clothing. The name spandex comes from the word “expand,” however, the name spandex is mostly used in US, in Europe Elastane and elsewhere with the brand-name Lycra.
The generic name given to the cellulose fibre developed by Courtaulds and marketed by them under the Tencel brand name. The Tencel production process based on a solvent spinning process and represents the greatest accomplishment in cellulose fiber technology. The unique closed-loop production process makes the fiber eco-friendly and economical. Lyocell has numerous advantages over rayon and modal in its properties as well as its manufacturing process. One of the majors “claims to fame” of lyocell is its ability to absorb excess liquid (perspiration) – at a rate of fifty percent more than cotton – and quickly release it into the atmosphere. In doing so, lyocell supports the natural ability of the skin to act as a protective shell to regulate body temperature and maintain water balance. At the same time, Lyocell’s moisture management does not give bacteria a chance to grow. Moisture is directly absorbed from the skin and transported to the inside of the fiber, rather on the surface where bacteria could grow. More about Lyocell
Modal fibers were developed in Japan in 1951. Modal is made from sustainable harvested beech trees and environmentally friendly bleaching method (Lenzing) for pulp. The desire to create higher wet strength rayon led to the development of Modal as the second generation of this cellulose fiber. Modal is «high wet modulus” rayon, which has virtually the same properties as regular rayon plus high wet strength and extra softness, making it, especially useful for body contact clothing such as lingerie and undergarments. Modal is wear resistant and can be machined washed and tumble dried without shrinking or getting pulled out of shape. It performs much like cotton and can be mercerized for increased strength and luster. Modal is about fifty percent more water-absorbent per unit volume than cotton. It’s designed to dye just like cotton and is color-fast when washed in warm water. Textiles made from modal are resistant to shrinkage, fading and graying. Modal fibers have found a variety of uses in clothing, outerwear, and household furnishings. They are often blended with cotton, wool or synthetic fibers, and take and retain dyes well.
A cellulose fibre invented by Courtaulds using a non-chemical solvent. It was originally developed to produce viscous fibres without polluting the environment. The result was a new fibre which was not only environmentally friendly more than any other fibre but also featured very high strength and a wonderful touch. More about Tencel
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SOURCES AND USEFUL INFORMATION
Carbon offset http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_offset
Lenzing textile company http://www.lenzing.com/
Swapstyle - http://www.swapstyle.com/
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